Does Your Truck Need 4WD or AWD?
Finding a vehicle with four-wheel drive (4WD) or all-wheel drive (AWD) is easier than ever before. What’s the difference between 4WD and AWD, and how do you know if you need them?
Here’s a breakdown of 4WD and AWD to help you make an informed decision when choosing your next vehicle.
What is 4WD?
Most vehicles are two-wheel drive. This means that either the front or back two wheels are propelled by the engine, leaving the other two wheels to spin. In a vehicle with four-wheel drive though, all four wheels receive engine power. This helps increase traction and control when driving on difficult terrain.
There are two kinds of 4WD systems. Full-time 4WD is active all of the time, giving all four wheels power continuously. With full-time 4WD, the driver does not need to manage the system. Part-time 4WD though, requires the driver to make the decision to engage 4WD.
4WD: Pros and Cons
- More control: Four-wheel drive gives drivers more control in more extreme driving conditions like off-roading, rock crawling.
- Potential increase in cost: The drivetrain for vehicles with 4WD tends to be heavier and more complicated than traditional drivetrains which may mean larger repair and fuel costs.
- Requires some skill to operate: With part-time 4WD, the driver needs to know how and when to engage the system.
What is AWD?
In vehicles with all-wheel drive, the system powers all four wheels for better traction and control, but the process is an automatic one.
Similar to 4WD, there are full-time AWD and part-time AWD options. Much like it sounds, full-time AWD engages all four wheels, all of the time. Part-time AWD systems operate mostly in two-wheel drive for fuel efficiency but will engage all four wheels automatically based on driving conditions.
AWD: Pros and Cons
- Control and traction: Similar to 4WD, AWD is beneficial for driving in rough terrain.
- Less complex: AWD is more user-friendly when it comes to operation, and also is less complicated to manufacture.
- Lower upfront and repair costs: Since it is less complicated to make, vehicles with AWD typically have lower upfront, repair, and maintenance costs than vehicles with 4WD.
4WD and AWD are helpful if you drive in a climate where it often snows and rains. Aside from black ice and hydroplaning, AWD and 4WD provide better traction in most driving conditions. though, if you typically drive on highways and paved roads located in temperate climates, they may not be necessary for you.
If you are ready to invest in your own truck, and have any questions about AWD or 4WD capabilities, The Truck Junction can help. Our sales department is extremely well-versed in all things truck and we can’t wait to help you find exactly what you’re looking for. Visit us today at 4791 Clark Road in Sarasota or give us a call at 941-927-8785!